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Debarca 2
1000 Skopje
Nordmazedonien, Republik

ITB Berlin 2019

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Produktbeschreibung

Nowadays, the Republic of North Macedonia is a veritable treasury of culture and art. As hardly anywhere in the world, this region treasures a large number of historical monuments: churches, icons, monasteries, archaeological sites, mosques, old books and other artefacts.

The North Macedonian collections of icons are acknowledged to be among the best in the world, of the same rank as the collections of Sinai, Mt. Atos and Russia. The oldest easel icons originate from the late 10th century, but the terracotta icons found at the site of Vinichko Kale, near the town of Vinitsa in Eastern North Macedonia, are a real rarity. They present unique examples of early Christian art from the period of the late 4th to mid 6th century.

The first Slavic alphabet and literature also have their roots in North Macedonia. The cultural mission carried out by the brothers Ss. Cyril and Methodius of Salonika has been of crucial significance for all Slavic people. Taking the language spoken by the North Macedonian Slavs from the vicinity of Salonika as its basis, the two brothers devised the Glagolitic alphabet and translated into Old Slavic the most important ecclesiastic books necessary for the religious services and for their mission of converting the pagan Slavs to Christianity.

North Macedonian churches and monasteries have a long tradition. The frescoes in the small church of St. George built in the 12th century near the village of Kurbinovo, in the vicinity of Prespa, together with the frescoes in the chuch of St. Panteleimon near Skopje, dating also from the 12th century, present the highest achievements of Byzantine art from that period. Alongside these, one must not omit the church of St. Leontius in the village of Vodocha, the Church of the Holy Mother of God in the village of Velyusa, both in Strumitsa region, the church of St. George in the village of Staro Nagorichane, Kumanovo region, the Monastery of Treskavets, Prilep region, the Monastery of Lesnovo (14th century), Kratovo region, and the Monastery of St. John Bigorski (19th century), Gostivar region, whose woodcarved iconostasis presents a masterpiece of the Miyak wood-carvers.